Teeth Sensitivity

Teeth Sensitivity

Key Takeaways:

  • Causes of Teeth Sensitivity: Understand the causes of teeth sensitivity, including enamel erosion, gum recession, tooth decay, and more.
  • Managing Sensitivity: Learn how to manage and prevent teeth sensitivity through gentle and sustainable oral care practices.
  • Eco-Friendly Dental Solutions: Discover how Plus Ultra's eco-friendly products can help soothe and protect sensitive teeth while contributing to a healthier planet.

Understanding Teeth Sensitivity

Teeth sensitivity is a sharp pain triggered by exposure to cold, hot, sweet, or acidic substances. It indicates exposed dentin due to receding gums or eroded enamel. Common causes include brushing too vigorously with a hard-bristled toothbrush, consuming acidic foods and drinks like citrus and soda, gum disease leading to gum recession, tooth decay or faulty fillings, and enamel wear from teeth grinding.

Understanding Teeth Sensitivity

Causes Of Teeth Sensitivity

Understanding the causes of tooth sensitivity is the first step towards finding relief and sustaining a naturally beautiful smile.

Enamel Erosion

The most common cause of tooth sensitivity is the thinning of tooth enamel, which protects the underlying layer of dentin. When enamel erodes due to aggressive brushing, acidic foods and beverages, or natural wear and tear, sensitive teeth can result.

Gum Recession

Another significant cause is gum recession, which exposes the roots of teeth. This exposure can happen for various reasons, including periodontal disease, aggressive tooth brushing, or genetics. Since the roots do not have an enamel layer, they are much more susceptible to sensitivity.

Tooth Decay

Cavities or tooth decay can also lead to sensitivity. When decay penetrates the enamel, it can expose the nerves within the dentin, causing discomfort and pain especially when consuming hot, cold, or sweet foods.

Cracked Teeth

Cracks in teeth may allow temperature and sweet or acidic foods to stimulate the nerves inside the tooth, leading to sensitivity.

Teeth Grinding

Known medically as bruxism, grinding your teeth can wear them down over time. This often removes the protective enamel layer, leading to increased sensitivity.

Recent Dental Procedures

It's common to experience sensitivity following dental procedures such as fillings, crowns, or professional cleanings. This should usually decrease in a few weeks.

Symptoms Of Teeth Sensitivity

Experiencing teeth sensitivity can manifest in various ways, and knowing the symptoms is important in managing this common dental issue. At Plus Ultra, we understand that every smile is unique, and recognizing early signs of sensitivity can help you adopt the right oral care regimen.

This discomfort can be triggered by:

  • Cold foods or beverages: Sipping cold drinks or ice cream can cause sharp pain in sensitive teeth.
  • Hot foods and liquids: Like cold, hot substances can also trigger intense pain, making enjoying a hot meal or beverage uncomfortable.
  • Sweet foods and drinks: Sometimes, sweets can lead to pain in sensitive teeth, complicating those moments meant for savoring.
  • Acidic foods and beverages: Citrus fruits, tomatoes, and fizzy drinks, known for their acidic content, can aggravate sensitive teeth.
  • Cold air: Breathing in cold air through the mouth can cause a tingling sensation or sharp pain in the teeth.

Diagnosing Teeth Sensitivity

When you start feeling discomfort or pain triggered by hot or cold temperatures, sweet or acidic foods, or even just brushing your teeth, it's time to examine your condition more closely.

  • Visit Your Dentist: A professional can perform a thorough examination to determine whether the sensitivity is due to common issues like cavities, gum disease, worn tooth enamel, or exposed tooth roots. 
  • Openly Discuss Your Problem: During your visit, be prepared to discuss the specifics of your discomfort—when it started, how often it occurs, and what seems to trigger it. 
  • Tests For Deeper Analysis: Sometimes, your dentist might recommend further tests, such as dental X-rays, to rule out deeper, more concerning causes such as hidden decay or the effects of grinding your teeth (bruxism).
  • Treatment: After identifying the root cause, your dentist can offer treatment options that address the sensitivity and consider your preference for natural and sustainable oral care solutions.

Preventive Measures For Teeth Sensitivity

Teeth sensitivity can make everyday activities like ice cream or hot coffee uncomfortable. Fortunately, several preventive measures can reduce tooth sensitivity and protect your smile.

Opt For A Soft-Bristled Toothbrush

Using a toothbrush with soft bristles is gentle on your teeth and gums, preventing wear and tear that could expose sensitive areas of your teeth. Plus, it’s a simple switch that can make brushing a more comfortable experience.

Use Toothpaste Designed For Sensitive Teeth

Specialized toothpastes for sensitive teeth are formulated to help reduce pain and fortify tooth enamel. These toothpastes can block the pathways through the teeth that attach to nerves, helping to ease the sensitivity.

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

Keeping your teeth and gums healthy is essential in preventing sensitivity. This includes brushing twice a day, fusing with a gentle hand, and thoroughly cleaning all surfaces of your teeth.

Avoid Acidic Foods And Drinks

Acidic foods and drinks like citrus fruits, tomatoes, and soda can wear down tooth enamel over time. When enamel wears down, it exposes the dentin, which contains the hollow tubes that lead to your teeth's nerves.

Regular Dental Check-Ups

Regular check-ups with your dentist allow them to monitor the health of your teeth and gums. Your dentist can spot and treat issues like plaque build-up or gum disease before they lead to sensitivity. 

Preventive Measures For Teeth Sensitivity

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Frequently Asked Questions About Teeth Sensitivity

What causes teeth sensitivity?

Teeth sensitivity typically occurs when the enamel that protects our teeth gets thinner, or when gum recession happens, exposing the underlying surface, the dentin. This exposure can lead to discomfort or pain when encountering foods or drinks that are hot, cold, sweet, or very acidic.

Is teeth sensitivity a sign of a deeper dental condition?

In some cases, tooth sensitivity can be a sign of underlying dental issues like gum disease, excessive tooth wear, or tooth decay. If sensitivity is severe or persists, it's a good idea to visit a dentist to rule out serious conditions.

How does enamel wear affect teeth sensitivity?

Enamel wear can greatly increase teeth sensitivity. Without the protective layer of enamel, the teeth become more vulnerable to external factors, such as cold, heat, and sweetness, which can trigger pain signals to the nerves inside the teeth.

Does teeth sensitivity mean I have cavities?

Teeth sensitivity does not always mean you have cavities, but it can be a symptom of cavity development. If the sensitivity is localized to one specific tooth or area, it is advisable to have it checked by a dentist to exclude cavities or other dental issues.

Are there certain foods that can cause teeth sensitivity?

Yes, certain foods can exacerbate teeth sensitivity. Acidic foods and beverages, such as lemons, oranges, grapefruit, and carbonated drinks, can wear away enamel over time, increasing sensitivity. Very hot or cold drinks can also trigger pain in sensitive teeth.

Do whitening products make teeth more sensitive?

Yes, some teeth whitening products can cause temporary teeth sensitivity as a side effect. This happens because many whitening treatments penetrate the enamel to reach discolored molecules inside the tooth, which can irritate the nerves. Opting for gentler whitening solutions and discussing options with your dentist can help mitigate this issue.

What are the symptoms of teeth sensitivity?

The primary symptom of teeth sensitivity is a sudden, sharp flash of pain when teeth are exposed to air, cold, hot, sweet, or acidic stimuli. Sensitivity can be felt at the roots of the affected teeth, and discomfort can range from mild to severe, depending on the trigger and the condition of the teeth.


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